Whether it is the talocalcanean joint, elbow, wrist, shoulder or knee – ligaments can tear quickly both in everyday life and in sports. The ligaments play an important role for the stability and controlled movement of a joint. If the joint is stressed and stretched beyond its physiological range, ligament injuries are possible. Depending on the intensity, there can be stretching, spraining or torn ligaments.
After tearing a ligament, cool the joint and keep it elevated
The torn ligament announces its presence with sudden severe pain. The affected person may even hear a cracking sound. The injured joint swells and may show a blue discoloration in the next few hours. Insofar as possible, it should immediately be cooled, elevated and treated with a compression bandage. Even if the pain subsides quickly, it is advisable to avoid further strain or sporting activities and definitely see a doctor. For an untreated injury to the ligaments may later cause malpositions which can, for instance, damage the meniscus and joint cartilage.
Therapies for torn ligaments
When the ligaments are stretched or torn on the outer ankle, the talocalcanean joint is stabilised for some time with an orthotic such as the Malleo Sprint or the Dyna Ankle; surgery is generally not required. On the other hand, a torn cruciate ligament on the knee usually receives surgical treatment. Doctors replace the damaged cruciate ligament with a piece of the body’s own tendons and stabilise the joint with a hard frame orthotic such as the Genu Arexa. This orthotic can also be used to limit the knee’s range of motion to provide specific relief to the cruciate ligaments or meniscus.