Spondylosis develops due to complicated repair mechanisms in the body: While healthy vertebral discs act like shock absorbers between the vertebrae and buffer vibrations, they lose their elasticity over the years due to age related wear or permanent undue stress. The body tries to balance the loss and relieve the affected areas as quickly as possible. In spondylosis, this process leads to the reduction of ligaments and vertebral discs on the one hand and the new formation of bony structures on the vertebrae on the other hand.
Spondylosis causes stiffening of the spinal column
In this restructuring process, the vertebrae increase their bone substance. Jagged protrusions in differing sizes form around the edges of the vertebrae – the so called spondylophytes. They can cause stiffening of adjacent vertebrae. This means that the vertebra is no longer elastic in this region, but stable and protected against vertebral disc prolapse. However spondylosis can also apply pressure to surrounding nerve roots, so that specific muscle groups can no longer be controlled.
Regular training prevents spondylosis
Spondylosis can occur in any movement section of the spinal column. However the regions of the lower cervical vertebrae and the lumbar vertebrae are most frequently and severely affected, since they are exposed to the greatest strain. Depending on the extent of the spondylosis, impaired movement and pain occur. In order to prevent the disorder or its advancement, equalising sports types such as swimming, running, cycling and stabilising gymnastics should be done regularly after consultation with one’s doctor.